N. prodotti: 0
Totale ordine: € 0,00
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,6
Online ISSN 1827-1898
Caniggia M., Fornara P., Franci M., Maniscalco P., Picinotti A.
From the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology University of Siena, Siena, Italy
Prosthetic substitution of the glenohumeral joint, begun at the end of the last century, has developed greatly in recent years. Today the most widely used shoulder prostheses are defined as “modular” because of their extensive adaptability. The capacity to adapt to anatomic variations must be incorporated within their structure, and normal articular biomechanics must be respected. The choice of prosthesis must be based on the condition of the joint surfaces, on the anatomic and functional condition of the rotator cuff. So endoprosthesis of the shoulder is indicated for avascular necrosis of the head of the humerus, fractures and pseudoarthrosis of the extreme proximal end of the humerus, arthropathy following rotator cuff rupture. Total shoulder prosthetization is indicated for glenohumeral osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and outcomes of endoprosthesis. The principal contraindications for shoulder replacement include an infection in progress, Charcot’s arthropathy and severe neurological pathologies. The complications of shoulder prostheses include infection, dislocation, loosening of a component, periprosthetic humeral and glenoid fractures, nerve injuries, fractures of a prosthetic component and ectopic ossification. At present prosthetic substitution of the glenohumeral joint offers good results. Indispensable conditions for these results include anatomic and functional integrity of the musculature, good bone quality, correct positioning of the prosthetic components and a proper rehabilitation program.