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Rivista di Medicina Interna
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,6
Panminerva Medica 1999 Giugno;41(2):161-70
Non specific aorto-arteritis. Clinical picture, diagnosis and therapy
Miani S., De Monti M., Keller G., Bordoni M. G., Bianchi E., Giordanengo F.
From the Istituto di Chirurgia Generale e Cardiovascolare Università degli Studi, Milano, Italy
This study is aimed at analyzing clinical features, angiographic findings and evolution of Takayasu’s arteritis and the criteria adopted to establish the indication for non-surgical versus operative treatment. Eighteen patients affected by non specific aort-arteritis were observed and treated at our Department between 1973 and 1996. All patients met the American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria of classification of Takayasu’s arteritis. Sixteen patients were young females. Two patients were males. Nine patients underwent surgical procedures. One young female underwent a PTA. All eight asymptomatic patients were only medically treated. One patient died some days after an aorto-bicarotid bypass graft due to acute myocardial infarction. Two other patients died two and four years after intervention for renal and cardiac failure respectively. One patient after an aorto bicarotid bypass underwent a left hemiplegia due to thrombosis of the right graft branch. All the other 14 patients either surgically or medically treated are well and are under strict surveillance through rigorous follow-up. The 10 patients who underwent surgical or interventional radiological treatment were certainly the most seriously affected patients and were symptomatic (presented neurological disturbances or a severe hypertensive state). This fact explains, to some extent, the mortality and morbidity rate observed in this group. The seven medically treated patients were completely asymptomatic in spite of a major involvement of various vascular districts.