Home > Riviste > Panminerva Medica > Fascicoli precedenti > Panminerva Medica 1999 June;41(2) > Panminerva Medica 1999 June;41(2):103-8

ULTIMO FASCICOLO
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Estratti

PANMINERVA MEDICA

Rivista di Medicina Interna


Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,698


eTOC

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLES  


Panminerva Medica 1999 June;41(2):103-8

Copyright © 2000 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

The influence of furosemide on free water clearance

Romano G., Bortolotti N., Falleti E., Favret G., Gonano F., Bartoli E.

From the Department of Experimental and Clinical Pathology and Medicine University of Udine, Udine, Italy


PDF  


Back­ground. Labor­a­to­ry meas­ure­ments of osmo­lal­ity and elec­tro­lyte con­cen­tra­tions are use­ful as a ­source of clin­i­cal and patho-­phy­sio­log­ic infor­ma­tion on kid­ney func­tion. We ­obtained dif­fer­ent con­di­tions of base­line diu­re­sis in 54 ­rats, ­which ­were ­then treat­ed ­with furos­e­mide 10 mg/kg. ­From meas­ure­ments of plas­ma (P) and ­urine (U) osmo­lal­ity and Na, we cal­cu­lat­ed the ­free ­water clear­ance (CH2O) and the con­tri­bu­tions of Na+ and non-Na+-­solutes to its chang­es dur­ing diu­ret­ic admin­is­tra­tion.
­Results. The ­results ­show ­that furos­e­mide abol­ish­es ­both ­urine dilut­ing and con­cen­trat­ing abil­ity, by reduc­ing the con­tri­bu­tion of non-Na+-­solutes to ­Uosm and the for­ma­tion of CH2O, ­while the con­tri­bu­tion of Na+ to ­Posm ­remains ­unchanged. Dur­ing furos­e­mide the ­urines ­approach iso­smo­tic­ity irre­spec­tive of the base­line ­Uosm ­with an asymp­to­mat­ic func­tion sim­i­lar to ­that ­imposed by osmot­ic diu­re­sis. It is sug­gest­ed ­that the over­flow to the con­cen­trat­ing ­sites of the neph­ron over­whelms ­their nor­mal trans­port capac­ity inde­pen­dent­ly of ­their base­line ­water perme­abil­ity. The dis­rup­tion of the tran­sep­i­the­lial osmot­ic gra­di­ent ­caused by the ­drug ­impairs the tran­sep­i­the­lial osmot­ic ­flow, lead­ing to the excre­tion of iso­smot­ic ­urines.
Con­clu­sions. The ­effect of non-Na+-­solutes in the labor­a­to­ry meas­ure­ment of ­urine con­stit­u­ents can be ­reduced to ­that of plas­ma deter­mi­na­tion by dilut­ing the ­urines accord­ing to empir­ic for­mu­las ­derived ­from the ­present ­data.

inizio pagina

Publication History

Per citare questo articolo

Corresponding author e-mail