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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Testini M., Regina G., Todisco C., Verzillo F., Di Venere B.*, Nacchiero M.*
From the Department of Surgical Pathology and the * Department of Emergency Surgery, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
Background and methods. The authors describe the rising of four postoperative pancreatic pseudocysts in a series of 20 patients treated for periampullary tumours by pancreaticoduodenectomy (PDT), with the closure of pancreatic stump, between 1989-1996. The operation was always performed by the pylorus-preserving technique according to Traverso-Longmire.
Results. In four patients (20%) 3, 4, 4, and 8 months after PDT with closure of the pancreatic stump, the authors observed the development of pseudocysts (PPC) in the pancreatic remnant. All these patients previously had a pancreatic fistula. Three symptomatic patients under-went surgical drainage of the pseudocyst in a jejunal loop (2) or in the stomach (1); in the asymptomatic patient, the clinical feature and the size of the cyst allowed for conservative treatment. In 2 cases PPC was the consequence of a pancreatic fistula evolved in acute pancreatitis of the stump. The PPC drained by cystogastrostomy appeared 4 months after the closure of the pancreatic fistula: the pancreatic stump was completely substituted by a cyst presenting a communication with the pancreatic duct.
Conclusions. The authors conclude that PPC is a rare complication of the pancreatic resection that results from acute or chronic pancreatitis; sometimes pathogenesis is due to a cyst resulting from the pancreatic duct occlusion by phlogistic tissue as a consequence of the surgical suture.