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Rivista di Medicina Interna
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Panminerva Medica 1998 Marzo;40(1):45-7
Tubal patency after laparoscopic treatment of ectopic pregnancy
Colacurci N., Zarcone R., De Franciscis P., Mele D., Mollo A.*, De Placido G.
From the 2nd Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, School of Medicine, Second University of Naples and
* 1st Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics Medical School University «Federico II» of Naples, Italy
Objective. To evaluate operative course, tubal patency and reproductive performance after laparoscopic treatment of ectopic pregnancy in relation to initial human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) values and to the kind of operation.
Design. Retrospective study.
Patients. Fourty-five patients affected by ectopic pregnancies: thirty-two treated with laparoscopic linear salpingotomy subvided into two groups depending on the hCG serum values < 10,000 mUl/ml (twenty patients: group 1) or > 10,000 mUl/ml (twelve patients Group 2), thirteen patients (Group 3) undergoing laparoscopic salpingectomy. Hysterosalpingographic examination was performed two or three months after surgery.
Main outcome measures. Operative time, major surgical complications, tubal patency and pregnancy rate after surgery.
Results. Operative time was significantly (p<0.05) lower in both group 1 and 3 (22.5±3.2 and 19.1±6.3, respectively) than in group 2 (39.4±5.6). Bilateral patent tubes were observed in eighteen cases of group 1 (90%) and eight cases of group 2 (60%). No statistically significant differences were found between the pregnancy rate of both group 1 (8/18) and 2 (3/8) and of group 3 (3/11).
Conclusions. Reproductive outcome is similar in both conservative and destructive laparoscopic management of ectopic pregnancy; furthermore it shows a trend of improvement, not statistically significant, in conservative treatment.