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Rivista di Otorinolaringologia, Chirurgia Maxillo-Facciale,
Chirurgia Plastica Ricostruttiva, Otoneurochirurgia
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, Scopus
Otorinolaringologia 2016 March;66(1):1-4
Dysphonia in pharyngolaryngeal reflux: evaluation of acid lesions with video endoscopy
Ugo CESARI 1, Pasqualina APISA 1, Ciro NIRI 1, Simona RUGGIERO 2, Alessandro TELESCA 2, Carmela CAPPELLO 2, Luigi SIVERO 2
1 Department of Head and Neck, Federico II University Hospital, Naples, Italy; 2 Department of Gastroenterology, Endocrinology, Surgery Federico II University Hospital, Naples, Italy
BACKGROUND: In this study, the authors assessed the injury of acid reflux on the mucosa of laryngopharyngeal district, and the associated symptoms, dysphonia especially.
METHODS: Data from 270 patients, collected in 18 months, have been evaluated by video laryngoscopy. Sixty-two presented dysphonia, associated with symptoms of reflux disease. Later the patients have been investigated for the presence of reflux esophagitis by endoscopic examination and assessed the 24 hours pH value, by ph-metry.
RESULTS: The results showed that only 26 patients presented signs of reflux esophagitis.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion we can assert that some important endoscopic signs recorded, such as edema and hyperemia of arytenoids, thickening the region interarytenoid, granulomas of the posterior portion of the true vocal cords, can be considered as valuable indicators of reflux disease. In many cases a simple dysphonia may represent a precise signal of disease of gastro-esophageal reflux, even in the absence of endoscopic marks of esophagitis.