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A Journal on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Affiliated to the and to the International Research Group of Immunoscintigraphy
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,413
Barbara PALUMBO 1, Silvio SIVOLELLA 2, Isabella PALUMBO 3, Tommaso BURESTA 1, Valentina RADICCHIA 3, Mario L. FRAVOLINI 4, Francesca FERRETTI 2, Rita BELLAVITA 3, Luigi MEARINI 5, Michele SCIALPI 6, Cynthia ARISTEI 3, Gianfranco PELLICCIA 2
1 Section of Nuclear Medicine and Medical Physics, Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 2 Nuclear Medicine and PET Center, Foligno Hospital, Foligno, Perugia, Italy; 3 Section of Radiotherapy, Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 4 Department of Engineering, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 5 Section of Urology, Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 6 Section of Radiology, Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy
BACKGROUND: Patients with suspected recurrence of prostate cancer undergoing [18F]fluoromethyl choline ([18F]FCH) PET/CT were retrospectively evaluated to investigate the influence of hormonal therapy (HT) in [18F]FCH uptake.
METHODS: [18F]FCH PET/CT was performed in 102 surgically treated patients with suspected recurrence (PSA increase >0.2 ng/mL) of prostate cancer, divided in two groups: under HT (N.=54) and without HT (N.=48) at the time of PET scanning. PET/CT was carried out by an integrated system (Biograph 6, CTI/Siemens, Knoxville, TN, USA) intravenously by administering 4.1 MBq/kg of [18F]FCH to each patient; images were acquired 60 minutes later.
RESULTS: On the total number of patients, 66 were found to be true positives (TP), 9 false positives (FP), 5 false negatives (FN) and 22 true negatives (TN), sensitivity to [18F]FCH PET/CT was 93%, specificity 71%, accuracy 86%, positive predictive value (PPV) 88%, negative predictive value (NPV) 81%. In the 54 patients under HT, 38 were TP, 6 FP, 3 FN and 7 TN, sensitivity was 93%, specificity 54%, accuracy 83%, PPV 86% and NPV was 70%. In the 48 patients receiving no HT, 28 were TP, 3 FP, 2 FN and 15 TN, sensitivity was 93%, specificity 83%, accuracy 90%, PPV 90% and NPV 88%. A χ2 test showed that sensitivity, accuracy and PPV did not differ among patients with and without HT, while specificity and NPV were significantly lower (P<0.001) in HT treated patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Sensitivity, accuracy and PPV were similar in patients with and without HT. Specificity and NPV were reduced in patients under HT, but further data are necessary to support if this reduction is casual or related to therapy and it could be confirmed in a larger series of patients.