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A Journal on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Affiliated to the and to the International Research Group of Immunoscintigraphy
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,413
Online ISSN 1827-1936
AN UPDATE ON MOLECULAR IMAGING OF PROSTATE CANCER (Part II)
Reske S. N., Moritz S., Kull T.
Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Clinic, Ulm, Germany
AIM: [11C]Choline-positron emission tomography in combination with computer tomography ([11C]Choline-PET/CT) is a promising imaging approach for localizing relapsing prostate cancer. We therefore studied performance of [11C]Choline-PET/CT in patients relapsing from prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy (RP) and scheduled for salvage radiation therapy (SRT) in terms of relapse localization and relationship to outcome after SRT.
METHODS: In a prospective pilot study we examined 27 patients with [11C]Coline-PET/CT before SRT. All patients had biochemical relapse after RP and were treated with SRT. [11C]Choline-PET/CT was done within 14 days before SRT.
RESULTS: Eleven of 27 patients had at follow up of 76.5±5.7 months a favorable long-term response to SRT and needed no specific further prostate cancer related treatment. In 16/27 patients, rising serum PSA concentrations were observed 34.2±20.1 months after SRT, qualifying them as treatment failures. Tumor stage, risk profile and PSA before SRT were not different in long term responders and failures. [11C]Choline-PET/CT showed local relapse in about 50% of both long-term responders failures, locoregional nodal relapse in 4/16 failures and a singular bone metastasis in 1/16 failures.
CONCLUSION: [11C]Choline-PET/CT showed in roughly 50% of patients evidence of local relapse within the prostatic fossa. Roughly 30% of treatment failures had evidence of locoregional nodal or distant metastatic disease outside the radiation ports possibly related to treatment failures after SRT. Kaplan-Meier analysis suggested that [11C]Choline-PET/CT positive patients do worse at follow-up in terms of freedom from biochemical recurrence.