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A Journal on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Affiliated to the and to the International Research Group of Immunoscintigraphy
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,413
Online ISSN 1827-1936
MOLECULAR IMAGING IN PHARMACOLOGY
Rottey S. 1, Loose D. 2, Vakaet L. 3, Lahorte C. 4, Vermeersch H., Van Belle S. 1, Van De Wiele C. 5
1 Division of Medical Oncology University Hospital Ghent, Belgium
2 Department of Head and Neck Surgery University Hospital Ghent, Belgium
3 Division of Radiotherapy University Hospital Ghent, Belgium
4 Department of Radiopharmacy Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
5 Division of Nuclear Medicine University Hospital Ghent, Belgium
Aim. The aim of this study was to report on the relationship between preradiotherapy and prechemotherapy 99mTc-HYNIC Annexin-V tumor uptake values, reflecting ongoing apoptosis, and outcome to radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy.
Methods. Twenty-three cancer patients underwent staging examinations and a 99mTc-HYNIC Annexin-V scintigraphy and subsequent radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. Tumor-to-background ratios derived from tomographic 99mTc-HYNIC Annexin-V images were related to treatment outcome as assessed by RECIST criteria.
Results. Six patients underwent radiotherapy or radiochemotherapy: 4 exhibited response to treatment, 1 had stable, and 1 progressive disease. Corresponding tumor-to-background ratio’s were respectively ≥2.3 (in responders), 1.2 in the patient presenting with stable disease and 1 in the patient presenting with progressive disease. Seventeen patients were treated by chemotherapy alone: 8 were progressive, 1 patient presented with stable disease and 8 responded to treatment. In 1/8 progressive patients a tumor-to-background ratio of 1.4 was found, the others showed no uptake. In the patient presenting with stable disease a ratio of 0.1 was found. In the 8 responders, 7 patients had a tumor-to-background ratio ≥1.3 whereas in 1 patient a ratio of 0.3 was found. Tumor-to-background ratios in responders (complete plus partial) (median 2.5, range: 0.3-4.2) were significantly higher when compared to those obtained in non-responders (stable plus progressive disease) (median 1, range: 0.1-1.4) (P<0.001).
Conclusion. The findings presented suggest that 99mTc-HYNIC Annexin-V pretreatment uptake may be useful to predict response to chemo- and radiotherapy.