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A Journal on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Affiliated to the and to the International Research Group of Immunoscintigraphy
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,413
Sciagrà R. 1, Leoncini M. 2, Mennuti A. 3, Dabizzi R. P. 2, Pupi A. 1
1 Unit of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Clinical Physiopatology University of Florence, Florence, Italy
2 Department of Cardiology “Misericordia e Dolce Hospital”, Prato, Italy
3 Unit of Nuclear Medicine “Misericordia e Dolce Hospital”, Prato, Italy
Aim. In patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, the differentiation of dysfunctional myocardium in scarred versus hibernating is oversimplified. We evaluated a more complex classification using an imaging technique currently employed for viability detection, having as reference the postrevascularization outcome of dysfunctional segments.
Methods. In 35 patients, we performed gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) (resting and nitrate-enhanced study, the latter with baseline and dobutamine acquisition) before revascularization. The outcome after revascularization was assessed by repeating resting gated SPECT. Dysfunctional segments without functional recovery in postrevascularization gated SPECT were defined scar (either nontransmural or transmural according to tracer activity); those with recovery were divided in stunned (unchanged uptake) or hibernating (improved postrevascularization activity). This reference classification was compared with the categorization based on prerevascularization gated SPECT.
Results. Contractile reserve in dobutamine gated SPECT differentiated scarred from viable segments with 78% accuracy. Tracer activity in nitrate imaging distinguished the degree of transmurality. Nitrate-induced activity increase was significantly higher (p<0.0001) in the hibernating segments (14.9±20.4%) than in transmural (4.8±13.4%) nontransmural scars (3.3±13%), or stunned segments (2.2±8%). The presence or absence of nitrate-induced activity increase predicted the postrevascularization perfusion changes in viable myocardium and differentiated hibernating from stunned segments. The prerevascularization classification showed a good agreement with the reference categorization (κ=0.50).
Conclusion. Combining contractile reserve evaluation and perfusion quantification within a single study with baseline-nitrate gated SPECT and dobutamine test it is possible to achieve a comprehensive classification of dysfunctional segments.