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THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING
Rivista di Medicina Nucleare e Imaging Molecolare
A Journal on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Affiliated to the and to the International Research Group of Immunoscintigraphy
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,413
The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine 2003 June;47(2):90-100
Evaluation of the clinical performances of a large NaI(Tl) crystal 3D PET scanner
Picchio M. 1, Savi A. 1, Lecchi M. 2, Landoni C. 1, Gianolli L. 1, Brioschi M. 1, Rossetti C. 3, Gilardi M. C. 1, Fazio F. 1
1 Department of Nuclear Medicine Scientific Institute H. S. Raffaele University of Milano-Bicocca, IBFM-CNR, Milan, Italy
2 Institute of Radiological Sciences University of Milan, Milan, Italy
3 Department of Nuclear Medicine Hospital Niguarda Ca’ Granda, Milan, Italy
Aim. This study was aimed at assessing the clinical performances of a NaI(Tl) crystal 3D PET scanner, C-PET (ADAC-UGM), using a multi-ring 2D BGO PET scanner (multi-ring PET), as a reference.
Methods. Thirty-seven oncological patients were studied in sequence with multi-ring PET and C-PET, within 30 days of a CT study. In order to assess the behaviour of C-PET in relation to acquisition count rate, patients were divided into 3 groups according to the count rate at the time of the C-PET scan acquisition. Group A (n=21): 3000-5000 kcounts/sec (recommended count rate range); Group B (n=8): <3000 Kcounts/sec and Group C (n=8): >5000 Kcounts/sec.
Results. The number of lesions detected by multi-ring PET and C-PET, classified according to size, was compared. For Group A and Group B there was a good agreement between C-PET and multi-ring PET in terms of lesion detectability (relative sensitivity: 99.9% and 96.0%, respectively), while for Group C the relative sensitivity of C-PET was 61.9%.
Conclusion. Optimal performances of the C-PET scanner can thus be obtained at a count rate within or below the recommended range. Despite a lower lesion/background contrast resulting from a high scatter and random noise, the sensitivity of C-PET in detecting hypermetabolic lesions is comparable to that of multi-ring PET. These findings are discussed in relation to the physical performance of the two scanners and particularly in relation to the 3D vs 2D acquisition modality.