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A Journal on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Affiliated to the and to the International Research Group of Immunoscintigraphy
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,413
Online ISSN 1827-1936
Guest Editors: Bombardieri E.
McCarthy K. E., Woltering E. A. *, Anthony L. B. **
From the Department of Radiology Section of Nuclear Medicine
*Department of Surgery Section of Endocrine Surgery
**Department of Medicine Section of Hematology/Oncology Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center The LSUHSC Stanley S. Scott Cancer Center New Orleans, LA, USA
111In-pentetreotide (Octreoscan®) and other radiolabeled somatostatin analogs are useful in the management of well differentiated neuroendocrine malignancies such as carcinoid or islet cell neoplasms. These radiopeptides bind to membrane bound somatostatin receptors (sst 1-5) which are over-expressed in a wide variety of neoplasms, especially those arising from the neuroectoderm. Imaging advances allow for the noninvasive determination of the presence of sst receptors by combining radioactivity [111Indium with a somatostatin analog, DTPA-D-phe1-octreotide (pentetreotide)]. Radiolabe-led somatostatin analogs bind to membrane receptors and internalization of the complex occurs. Auger emitting somatostatin analogs offer a novel and significantly less toxic approach to controlling neoplastic diseases by delivering targeted radiation specifically to receptor bearing cells while sparing receptor negative cells. Responses of 62-69% in 85 patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors treated with high dose (6-19.6 GBq) 111In-pentetreotide, specifically targeting tumor somatostatin receptors, have been reported. Objective responses observed included biochemical and radiographic responses with prolonged survival. This article will discuss and review the multi-center data available to date, the mechanisms of action of radiolabeled somatostatin analogs, dosimetry, clinical response parameters, and toxicity.