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JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGICAL SCIENCES
Rivista di Neurochirurgia
Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,651
Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2014 March;58(1):23-7
Is lumbar drainage of postoperative cerebrospinal fluid fistula after spine surgery effective?
Barbanti Bròdano G. 1, Serchi E. 2, Babbi L. 1, Terzi S. 1, Corghi A. 3, Gasbarrini A. 1, Bandiera S. 1, Griffoni C. 1, Colangeli S. 1, Ghermandi R. 1, Boriani S. 1 ✉
1 Department of Oncologic and Degenerative Spine Surgery Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, Bologna, Italy;
2 Department of Neurosurgery Bellaria‑Maggiore Hospital, Bologna, Italy;
3 Orthopedics and Traumatology Division Reggio Emilia Hospital, Reggio Emilia, Italy
Aim: This study is a retrospective consecutive case series analysis of 198 patients who underwent spine surgery between 2009 and 2010. The aim of this paper was to assess the efficacy and safeness of bed rest and lumbar drainage in treating postoperative CSF fistula. Postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula is a well-known complication in spine surgery which lead to a significant change in length of hospitalization and possible postoperative complications. Management of CSF leaks has changed little over the past 20 years with no golden standard advocated from literature.
Methods: Postoperative CSF fistulas were described in 16 of 198 patients (8%) who underwent spine surgery between 2009 and 2010. The choice of the therapeutic strategy was based on the clinical condition of the patients, taking into account the possibility to maintain the prone position continuously and the risk of morbidity due to prolonged bed rest. Six patients were treated conservatively (position prone for three weeks), ten patients were treated by positioning an external CSF lumbar drainage for ten days. The mean follow-up period was ten months.
Results: All patients healed their wound properly and no adverse events were recorded. Patients treated conservatively were cured in a mean period of 30 days, while patients treated with CSF drainage were cured in a mean period of 10 days.
Conclusion: Lumbar drainage seems to be effective and safe both in preventing CSF fistula in cases of large dural tears and debilitated/irradiated patients and in treating CSF leaks.