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Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2013 September;57(3):241-52

lingua: Inglese

Controversies in the management of cervical spondylotic myelopathy

Chang V., Holly L. T.

Department of Neurosurgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, CA, USA


Aim: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a common clinical entity that can be a significant cause of disability in the adult population. Although our CSM knowledge has markedly grown in recent years, a variety of controversies exist regarding the optimal treatment strategies. The goal of this paper is to review and discuss current areas of controversy in the management of CSM patients.
Methods: Topics addressed in this manuscript include: operative versus nonoperative management for patients with mild CSM, optimal surgical approaches for CSM, the utility of intraoperative monitoring, and radiographical prognostic indicators for outcome following surgery for CSM.
Results: A current review reveals several areas where Class I evidence exists regarding these controversies. However, many other studies consist contain Class III or weaker data, thereby making it difficult to draw any definitive conclusions. Despite the lack of a consensus in some areas, it appears that CSM patients can often achieve satisfactory treatment through a variety of different options.
Conclusion: CSM remains a challenging clinical problem where several areas of controversy still exist. Large, multi-center, randomized prospective trials will be required to help resolve some of the controversies.

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