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Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,651
Online ISSN 1827-1855
Figueiredo N. 1, 2 3, Rotta R. 2, Cavicchioli A. 2, Gonsales D. 2, Casulari L. A. 4
1 Department of Neuroanatomy, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiaba, Brazil;
2 Neurosurgery and Spine Surgery, Cuiaba General Hospital and University of Cuiaba, Cuiaba, Brazil;
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Facimed, Cacoal, Brazil;
4 University of Brasilia, Brasília, Brazil
AIM: The aim of this article was to study the results of two different types of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) and kyphoplasty (KPs) to osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVF).
METHODS: It was prospectively analyzed a series of 47 PVs from January 2003 to February 2008, and a consecutive series 30 KPs from March 2008 to January 2010, performed for patients with painful OVFs. Twenty-five PVs were performed using the frontal-opening cannula (FOC) and 22 using the new side-opening cannula (SOC), randomly distributed in the PV group.
RESULTS: The incidence of cement extrusion was 16.7% with KP, comparing with PV, it was 27.3% using the SOC (P<0.05) and 68,0% with the FOC (P<0.05), but comparing SOC with FOC, the cement extrusion was significantly lower using the SOC (P<0.05), all asymptomatic. The pain control was similar for all groups (P<0.05), with good improvement of pain in most of the patients, and there were no clinical relevant complications.
CONCLUSION: The cement leakage was significantly reduced with the KP (16.7%) and the SOC (27.3%) for PV, in comparison with the FOC (68.0%). The cement extrusion was slightly lower with KP, but not a significant difference, comparing with SOC, increasing the safety of the procedure using both the KP and this new SOC.