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JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGICAL SCIENCES
Rivista di Neurochirurgia
Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,651
Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2010 Marzo;54(1):39-44
Sectional Anatomy of the Olfactory Pathways
Chen C.-C. 1, Huang F. 2, Zheng J.-W. 1, Fu S.-Q. 3, Kong F.-Z. 2, Chen Z.-X. 1, Yang X.-D. 1, Zang C.-S. 3 ✉
1 Department of Human Anatomy, Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou, China;
2 Department of Human Anatomy Xinxiang Medical College, Xinxiang, China;
3 Department of Human Anatomym Binzhou Medical College, Yantai, China;
4 Department of Human Anatomy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China
AIM: The purpose of this study was to provide practical anatomic data for imaging diagnosis of olfactory pathways and operation of nasal cavity and anterior cranial fossae.
METHODS: Sectional anatomy of olfactory pathways were investigated specially on 17 sets of Chinese adult cadavers and 9 sets of serial magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of normal adult on serial transverse, sagittal and coronal sections respectively.
RESULTS: We recognized olfactory bulb, olfactory tract, medial and lateral olfactory striae, olfactory trigone, anterior perforated substance and piriform lobe on transverse, sagittal and coronal sections respectively. On the 5-7 serial coronal sections from crista galli of ethmoid bone to the optic chiasm, the cusp ellipse olfactory bulb and the triangular tract were situated in the shallow part of the olfactory sulcus.
CONCLUSION: The olfactory bulb and olfactory tract lay tightly on the ethmoidal cribriform plate and jugum sphenoidale , in the olfactory cistern of the shallow part of the olfactory sulcus, the ethmoid sinus and sphenoid sinus inferiorly.