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Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Nazzi V., Marras C., Broggi G.
National Neurological Institute “C. Besta”, Milan, Italy
Facial nerve injuries produce lagophthalmos and consequent ocular disease caused by corneal exposure. The management of the affected eye in patients with facial palsy has been improved. Previously ointment, eye drops, taping, partial or complete tarsorrhaphy was the primary treatment of the inability to close the eyelid. Other mechanical techniques for reanimating lid closure, including palpebral springs, encircling the upper and lower eyelids with silicone or fascia lata, and temporalis muscle transfer. The most popular and widely used static procedure in facial nerve palsy is the upper eyelid gold weight implant. This procedure is the goal of the treatment for the restoration of function and cosmesis to the paralyzed eyelids. The surgical technique used for lid load insertion are described below.