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Rivista di Neurochirurgia

Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Periodicità: Bimestrale

ISSN 0390-5616

Online ISSN 1827-1855


Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2006 Giugno;50(2):49-53


Post-radiation intramedullary malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor

Paolini S. 1, Raco A. 2, Di Stefano D. 3, Esposito V. 2, Ciappetta P. 4

1 Division of Neurosurgery, IRCCS Neuromed Pozzilli University of Perugia, Italy
2 Division of Neurosurgery University “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy
3 Division of Pathology, University “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy
4 Division of Neurosurgery, University of Bari, Italy

We report the intramedullary growth of a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (MPNST). A 50–year-old man developed a severe tetraparesis over a 4-month period. Following irradiation of a chronic tonsillitis during his childhood, the patient had later experienced a number of post-radiation diseases, including a laryngeal cancer that required permanent tracheotomy. Before admission, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study had disclosed a C4-C5 intramedullary lesion. On admission to our Department, the patient had a nearly complete tetraparesis. At surgery, the lesion was exposed through a posterior midline myelotomy. A friable neoplasm, with no clear plane of cleavage, was found. The tumour was subtotally resected. Histological examination, which intraoperatively had not yielded a specific diagnosis, eventually revealed a MPNST, grade intermediate, with ultrastructural and immunohistochemical features consistent with a schwannian differentiation. No postoperative radiotherapy was undertaken. The patient died 9 months later from pneumonial complications. MPNSTs may develop within the spinal cord similarly to their benign schwannian counterpart. The reported sequence of events might support a possible relation between irradiation of the spinal cord and induction, followed by malignant transformation, of intramedullary schwannosis. This unique case must be added to the growing list of radiation-induced spinal cord tumours.

lingua: Inglese


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