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Indexed/Abstracted in: e-psyche, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Neuroscience Citation Index, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,651
Online ISSN 1827-1855
Kakinoki R. 1, Nishijima N. 1, Ueba Y. 1, Oka M. 2, Yamamuro T. 1, Nakamura T. 1
1 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan;
2 Research Center for Biomedical Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Background. The present study was conducted in rats to investigate whether a tube with additional intrachamber vascularization could permit axons to extend over a distance greater than 10 mm, which appears to be the maximum axon regeneration distance for rat sciatic nerve axons through a normal empty tube.
Methods. A sural vessel-containing tube (VCT) was designed and interposed between transected sciatic nerve stumps in the thigh, leaving a 20-mm interneural gap.
Results. Twelve weeks after tubulation, six out of nine rats showed successful nerve regeneration and re-innervation of the soleus muscle using the VCT. At 24 weeks, intrachamber nerve regeneration and re-innervation of the soleus and pedal adductor muscles were electrophysiologically and histologically confirmed in all rats. However, no neural tissue was observed within any ligated sural vessel-containing tube (LVCT) or empty unmodified tube (ET) with a 20-mm interneural gap. When nerves regenerated in the VCT with a 20-mm gap were compared with those regenerated in a VCT with a 10-mm gap 12 and 24 weeks after surgery, the results produced by the VCT with a 20-mm gap were inferior to those after use of the VCT with a 10-mm gap, except for motor nerve conduction velocity at 24 weeks.
Conclusions. The value recovered to almost identical levels (about 50-60% normal) in both groups.