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MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA
Rivista di Nefrologia e Urologia
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2014 Dicembre;66(4):213-6
Assessment of the suitability of retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy as a treatment for complex proximal ureteral calculi
Zhou X. 1, Wang G. 2, Zhou R. 1, Shi Z. 1, Han C. 1 ✉
1 Department of Urological Surgery, Central Hospital of Xuzhou, Xuzhou 221009, Jiangsu Province, China;
2 Department of Urological Surgery, People’s Hospital of JinXiang County, Jining 2072200, Shandong Province, China
AIM: This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the suitability of retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RPLU) in the treatment of complex proximal ureteral calculi.
METHODS: Included were 24 patients who underwent RPLU for complex proximal ureteral stones from November 2008 to June 2010.
RESULTS: A retroperitoneal approach was performed in 23 patients with a mean operative time of 79.6 min (range of 65-130 min) and mean intraoperative blood loss of 20.1 mL (10-50 mL). No postoperative complications were encountered within during the follow-up period of 9.1 months (3-22 months). Only one patient who underwent RPLU within one week of failed ESWL was converted to open surgery due to severe adhesions around ureter and the injury of aberrant renal artery at the lower pole of left kidney encountered during the RPLU.
CONCLUSION: RPLU is safe and effective in the treatment of complex upper ureteral stones and can become a first-line surgical management of the disease.