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MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA
Rivista di Nefrologia e Urologia
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2014 March;66(1):69-75
Prescription of oral antidiabetic drugs in K/DIGO chronic kidney disease stage 3 and 4: a single centre report
Fabbian F., De Giorgi A., Monesi M., Tiseo R., Storari A., Mallozzi Menegatti A., Pala M., Tomasi F., Portaluppi F., Manfredini R. ✉
Medical Clinic, S. Anna University Hospital Ferrara, Italy
AIM: Evaluation of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is essential in order to prescribe properly oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs). The aim of our study was to report hypoglycemic drugs prescription to CKD in a cohort of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) outpatients.
METHODS: This survey included 1686 outpatients with type 2 DM treated with OADs who were not taking insulin evaluated by a team of diabetologists. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated by the CKD-EPI formula and subjects were classified in the K/DIGO stages. Main clinical parameters were also evaluated.
RESULTS: Patients were aged 68±10 years, 57.1% were males, Body Mass Index was 30±5 kg/m2, glycated hemoglobin 8±1%, systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were 138±15/80±9 mmHg. Serum creatinine was 1.03±0.35 mg/dL and GFR 71±21 mL/min/1.73 m2. In 504 patients (30%) GFR was lower than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. The different treatment groups had different GFR and hypoglycaemic drugs were prescribed differently in the different K/DIGO stages. The majority of subjects in stage 3A and 3B were treated with repaglinide, however a significant percentage of them were treated with metformin and sulfonylureas. Nearly half of subjects with CKD stage 4 were treated with metformin and sulfonylureas.
CONCLUSION: In this report we found that nearly one third of patients with type DM 2 had CKD and in a significant percentage of them OADs were prescribed even if they were in K/DIGO CKD stage 3 and 4.