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Rivista di Psichiatria, Psicologia e Psicofarmacologia
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Social Psychiatry
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, e-psyche, PsycINFO, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Minerva Psichiatrica 2016 Marzo;57(1):22-33
Noetic and autonoetic memory in persons with a diagnosis of schizophrenia: an explorative study
Francesca CAPOZZI 1, Francesca M. BOSCO 1, 2, Maurizio TIRASSA 1
1 Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive Science, University of Turin, Turin, Italy; 2 Neuroscience Institute of Turin, Turin, Italy
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate noetic vs. autonoetic memory in persons with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, a population with severe and well-documented memory impairments.
METHODS: We created a new assessment tool (REmembering Public Events - REPE) to investigate noetic and autonoetic aspects of memories concerning public events and make a direct comparison between the two. We administered the REPE interview to 18 patients with schizophrenia and 18 controls.
RESULTS: The results showed that the autonoetic aspects of memory are better preserved than the noetic ones both in healthy persons and in persons with schizophrenia, albeit within a general impoverishment of the latter’s performance.
CONCLUSION: This importantly remarks the value of autobiographical memory in the whole memory system, showing that — also in a population so impaired in the memory abilities — aspects related to the self and to personal experience remain more vivid and accessible in the memory.