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Rivista di Pediatria, Neonatologia, Medicina dell’Adolescenza
e Neuropsichiatria Infantile
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Minerva Pediatrica 2016 Oct 12
Food security and the nutritional status of children in foster care: new horizons in the protection of a fragile population
Pietro FERRARA 1, 4, Marta SCANCARELLO 2, Yeganeh M. KHAZRAI 3, Lorenza ROMANI 4, Costanza CUTRONA 4, Laura DE GARA 2, Gianni BONA 5 ✉
1 Institute of Pediatrics, Catholic University Medical School, Rome, Italy; 2 Food Sciences and Human Nutrition Unit, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy; 3 Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, University Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy; 4 Service of Pediatrics Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy; 5 Department of Health's Sciences, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy
BACKGROUND: The nutritional status of foster children, the quality of daily menus in group homes and the Food Security inside these organizations have been poorly studied
and this study means to investigate them.
METHODS: A sample of 125 children, ranging in age from 0-17 years, among seven group homes (group A) was compared with 121 children of the general population
we (group B). To evaluate nutritional status, BMI percentiles were used. Mean percentiles of both groups were compared through statistical analysis. Both nutritional and caloric daily distributions in each organization were obtained using the 24-hour recall method. A specific questionnaire was administered to evaluate Food Security.
RESULTS: From the analysis of mean BMI-for-age (or height-for-length) percentiles, did not observe statistically significant differences between group A and group B. The average daily nutrient and calorie distribution in group homes proves to be nearly optimal with the exception of a slight excess in proteins and a slight deficiency in PUFAs. Moreover, a low intake of iron and calcium was revealed. All organizations obtained a “High Food Security” profile.
CONCLUSIONS: Nutritional conditions of foster children are no worse than that of children of the general population. Foster care provides the necessary conditions to support their growth.