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Rivista di Pediatria, Neonatologia, Medicina dell’Adolescenza
e Neuropsichiatria Infantile
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Minerva Pediatrica 2015 October;67(5):413-8
Evaluation of the intraocular pressure in obese adolescents
Koçak N. 1, Arslan N. 2, Karti O. 1, Tokgoz Y. 2, Ozturk T. 1, Gunenç U. 1, Kaynak S. 1 ✉
1 Department of Ophthalmology, Dokuz Eylul, University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey;
2 Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Medicine, Hepatology and Nutrition, Izmir, Turkey
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) levels of children with normal and high Body Mass Index (BMI) and to find out the potential correlation between glaucoma and obesity.
METHODS: Thirty obese and thirty healty children were enrolled in this study. Physical examinations and anthropometric measurements of all patients and controls were performed. Obesity was defined as a BMI exceeding the 95th percentile for the patients according to age and sex. All participants were underwent a complete eye examination. The results of these measurements were considered for statistical analysis.
RESULTS: Mean age was 13.5±2.1 years in obese group and 13.3±2.0 years in control group. Mean BMIs were 28.1±3.9 kg/m2 and 19.7±1.2 kg/m2 in obese and control groups, respectively. No significant difference was found in mean IOP levels of both right and left eyes between two groups (P=0.837 and P=0.755, respectively). There was no significant difference in cup/disc ratios of each eyes and mean central corneal thickness of both right and left eyes between obese patients and controls. In visual field analysis, no statistically significant difference in mean false negativeness and mean false positiveness were found between two groups. There were not also any significant correlations in both mean deviation of each eyes (P=0.78 and P=0.94, respectively) and pattern standart deviation of right and left eyes (P=0.89 and P=0.90, respectively) between obese cases and controls.
CONCLUSION: In this study, there were no significant difference in IOP measurements, central corneal thicknesses, cup/disc ratios and visual field parameters between obese and normal children. No significant correlation was found between obesity and glaucoma or elevated IOP in children.