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Rivista di Pediatria, Neonatologia, Medicina dell’Adolescenza
e Neuropsichiatria Infantile
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Minerva Pediatrica 2014 August;66(4):281-5
Laparoscopic versus open appendectomy in the management of acute appendicitis in children: a multicenter retrospective study
Scirè G. 1, Mariotto A. 1, Peretti M. 1, Buzzi E. 2, Zani B. 3, Camoglio F. S. 1, Giacomello L. 1 ✉
1 Pediatric Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, University of Verona, Verona, Italy;
2 Department of Pediatrics, Silvio Orlandi Hospital, Bussolengo, Verona, Italy;
3 Department of General Surgery, Silvio Orlandi Hospital, Bussolengo, Verona, Italy
AIM: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common indications for emergency surgery in children. Open appendectomy (OA) has been the gold standard treatment for over 100 years. In the last three decades, the introduction of minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) and transumbilical laparoscopically assisted appendectomy (TULAA), has changed the approach to the disease. However, there is still no agreement with benefits of these new therapeutic options, especially in children. The aim of this retrospective study is comparing the outcomes of OA, LA and TULAA in the paediatric patient.
METHODS: Children suffering from acute appendicitis were treated with LA or TULAA in the Department of Paediatric Surgery and with OA in the Department of General Surgery. Data were abstracted from database of both centers’ archives. Operator, operating time, length of hospitalization (LOH), intra- and postoperative complications and histological finding were analyzed.
RESULTS: We recruited 196 patients: 46 treated with LA, 62 with TULAA and 88 with OA. Operative time was significantly shorter in OA. The three techniques had the same incidence of intraoperative and postoperative complications. The incidence of wound infection was higher with the TULAA approach. LOH was significantly shorter in the TULAA group. There was no correlation between LOH and histological finding.
CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that LA, TULAA and OA are similar in most respects and are equally safe modalities in paediatric patients. Further randomized controlled studies are necessary.