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Rivista di Pediatria, Neonatologia, Medicina dell’Adolescenza
e Neuropsichiatria Infantile
Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Minerva Pediatrica 2014 April;66(2):141-6
Vitamin D supplementation during the first two years of life in Izmir, Turkey
Koc F. 1, Halicioglu O. 2, Sutcuoglu S. 2, Asik Akman S. 2, Aksit S. 1 ✉
1 Department of Social Pediatrics, Ege University Medical School, Izmir, Turkey;
2 Departments of Pediatrics, the Ministry of Health Tepecik Teaching and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D supplementation and risk factors for non-supplemented infants in Izmir, Turkey.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Well-Child Care Clinics in Izmir, Turkey. Parents filled a questionnaire about socio-demographic characteristics and the use of vitamin D. SPSS version 16.0 was used for statistical analysis.
RESULTS: A total of 1002 children (aged 1 to 24 months) were enrolled in the study. The supplementation rates of vitamin D were 77% in the first 3 months of life, 57% at 10 to 12 months. Economic status of family, education of parents, occupational status of mothers and parity were associated factors with the use of vitamin D supplements in infants (P<0.05). However, when the data were analyzed using logistic regression analysis, only education of mother seems to be statistically significant independent variable in decreasing non-supplementation/ irregular supplementation.
CONCLUSION: Vitamin D supplementation rates seem to be not satisfactory in Izmir. Therefore, the importance of vitamin D supplementation in infants should be emphasized in every well-child care visit to prevent vitamin D deficiency.