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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gungor Ugurlucan F., Alper N., Ayvacikli G., Nehir A., Celik R., Yalcin O.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Urogynecology, Istanbul University, Istanbul Medical School, Istanbul, Turkey
AIM: Aim of the study was to compare the effects of outpatient clinic-based versus home-based intravaginal electrical stimulation (ES) for the treatment of urinary incontinence.
METHODS: Women applying with the complaint of urinary incontinence and offered ES treatment were divided into outpatient clinic-based or home-based ES. Patients were instructed about home-based ES at the outpatient clinic by certified physiotherapy nurses. Bladder diary, 1-hour pad test, and King’s-Health-Questionnaire (KHQ) were performed before and after treatment. ES was applied for 20 minutes, 6-8 weeks with pulses of 10-50 Hz square waves at a 300 μs or 1 ms pulse duration and a maximal output current of 24 to 60 mA with 5-10 Hz frequency, three times/week.
RESULTS: Twenty-four patients received outpatient clinic-based, 22 patients received home-based ES. Pad test, bladder diary and pelvic floor muscle strength parameters in both groups improved significantly after treatment, with no significant difference between the two groups. Seven patients (31.8%) were cured, six patients (27.3%) were much improved, and seven patients (31.8%) were improved in the home-based ES group. Nine patients (37.5%) were cured, six patients (25%) were much improved, and six patients (25%) were improved and in the outpatient clinic-based ES group. There was an improvement in quality of life in all domains in both groups when the pretreatment and post-treatment KHQ results were compared, with no significant difference between the two groups.
CONCLUSION: Home-based ES is as effective in the treatment of urinary incontinence as outpatient clinic-based ES with significant improvement in objective and subjective parameters.