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Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1650
Cornelius D. C., Lamarca B.
Department of Pharmacology and Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA
Pre-eclampsia is a multisystem disorder of pregnancy that affects 5-8% of pregnancies. The pathophysiologic mechanisms that lead to the development of pre-eclampsia are poorly understood. Higher than normal levels of circulating TH17 is observed in preeclamptic women compared to women with normal pregnancy. TH17 cells are a subset of CD4+ T helper cells that are characterized by their secretion of IL-17. Recent studies suggest a role for TH17 cells and IL-17 in the pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia. In this review, we will discuss the known function of TH17 cells and IL-17 in immunity and vascular function. We will then review the role of IL-17 and TH17 cells in normal pregnancy and their association with pre-eclampsia, followed by a discussion of the literature to examine a potential role for IL-17 and TH17 cells in mediating pathophysiology in pre-eclampsia.