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Minerva Chirurgica 2016 February;71(1):31-7

lingua: Inglese

Timing of cholecystectomy in acute biliary pancreatitis: is it still reasonable to wait?

Dario BORRECA, Alberto BONA, Maria P. BELLOMO, Andrea BORASI, Paolo DE PAOLIS

Department of General Surgery Gradenigo Hospital, Turin, Italy


BACKGROUND: Acute gallstone-related pancreatitis is a potentially life-threatening condition, and its adequate therapy is represented by cholecystectomy. The aim of this study was to analyze the best surgical strategy, and the optimal timing.
METHODS: All cases of acute pancreatitis of biliary origin occurred between January 2007 and December 2013 in Gradenigo Hospital (Turin, Italy) undergone to a surgical procedure, were reviewed. Patients were divided in two groups, based on the timing of cholecystectomy, and compared.
RESULTS: Out of 2233 cholecystectomies performed in the mentioned time interval, we have identified 79 patients that fulfill the selection criteria. 24 patients were treated with an index-stay procedure, while 55 with a delayed approach. Length of stay was significantly lower in patients that underwent to an early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (9 vs. 13 days, P=0.003), while no differences were found in terms of length of intervention, intraoperative complications, postoperative stay and mortality. Patients treated with delayed surgery had a 28.6% recurrence rate of acute pancreatitis, with an odds ratio of 10.28 (P=0.02).
CONCLUSIONS: Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy should be performed in suitable patients in the index admission, reducing overall risks, avoiding or at least minimizing recurrencies, and rationalizing the scarce economic resources.

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