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Minerva Chirurgica 2015 February;70(1):63-8

lingua: Inglese

A new era of ventricular assist device surgery: less invasive procedures

Rojas S. V. 1, Avsar M. 1, Uribarri A. 1, 2, Hanke J. S. 1, Haverich A. 1, Schmitto J. D. 1

1 Department of Cardiothoracic Transplantation, and Vascular Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany;
2 Department of Cardiology, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain


As the number of patients suffering of congestive heart failure is rising worldwide, the use of mechanical circulatory support to treat these patients has also grown enormously, surpassing the number of annual heart transplants. Moreover latest generation of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) is characterized by improved technologies. Moreover the size of new LVAD systems is considerably reduced when compared to older generation devices. Therefore, less invasive surgery is now possible for the implantation, explantation, and exchange of LVADs. Although experience with these new techniques is still limited, minimally invasive procedures are thought to improve surgical outcomes by declining the rates of operative complications such as bleeding or wound infection. The miniaturization of LVADs will continue, so that minimally invasive techniques will be used for most LVAD-related procedures in the future. In this article, we summarize and describe minimally invasive surgical techniques, with a focus on the most common LVAD systems in adults.

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