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Rivista di Chirurgia
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Minerva Chirurgica 2014 October;69(5):277-82
Recurrence factors in women underwent laparoscopic surgery for endometrioma
Guzel A. I., Topcu H. O., Erkilinc S., Tokmak A., Kokanali M. K., Cavkaytar S., Doğanay M. ✉
Zekai Tahir Burak Women’s Health, Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
AIM: The aim of this paper was to assess the risk factors for endometrioma recurrence in women underwent laparoscopic surgery for endometrioma.
METHODS: This retrospective designed study included 113 cases that underwent laparoscopic surgery for endometrioma; of these women, recurrent endometrioma was detected in 33 (29.20%) subjects and other showed no recurrence (70.80%). Age, gravidity, parity, diameter of the mass, bilaterality, previous pelvic surgery, operation type, presence of adhesions, Ca 125 levels and recurrence time was obtained from hospital records and special gynecology forms.
RESULTS: Demographic and obstetric past history of the cases showed no statistically significant difference between the groups (P>0.05). Higher diameter of the mass, previous pelvic surgery, operation type, presence of adhesion and higher Ca 125 levels were risk factors for endometrioma recurrence (P<0.05). Receiver operator curve (ROC) analysis demonstrated that diameter of the mass, previous pelvic surgery and Ca 125 levels may be discriminative risk factors for endometrioma recurrence.
CONCLUSION: Endometriomas ≥4.5 cm, especially in cases with pelvic adhesions, previous pelvic surgery and higher Ca 125 levels should be excised totally.