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Rivista sulle Malattie del Cuore e dei Vasi
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Minerva Cardioangiologica 2015 April;63(2):105-11
Restoring microvascular efficiency with mesoglycan in women affected by moderate chronic venous disease
Maresca L., Foggia C., Leonardo G. ✉
Unità Operativa Dipartimentale di Angiolologia, Azienda Ospedaliera Specialistica Dei Colli, Naples, Italy
AIM: Chronic venous disorders (CVDs) subtend a spectrum of vascular abnormalities, including microcirculation and skin damages (as ulcers) in the lower limb. Mesoglycan has been established as an effective agent to improve microcirculation associated with CVDs. The aim of this study was to determine the beneficial function of mesoglycan on cutaneous blood flow measured by laser Doppler fluometry (LDF) before and after iontophoresis analysis using methacholine chloride (MCh) injection in a group of female patients in different stages of CVDs, according to the CEAP classification.
METHODS: Female patients with chronic venous disorders (CVD) were referred from primary care practices and vascular clinics. The study selected 75 women aged 45.5±9.6 years (range, 30 to 60 years). And grading in CEAP classification. Eligible patients were allocated consecutively, according to entrance order, in an active treatment group and in a control group for 90 days. The active group (N.=37) received mesoglycan 50 mg twice daily in adjunct to standard care. The primary outcome variable for the study was the measurement of skin microcirculation blood flow by LDF. Data obtained was transferred to a database (Excel) and analysed using statistical software (SPSS version 12, SPSS, USA).
RESULTS: After 90 days of treatment, mesoglycan obtained a significative increase in peak flow at LDF of about 13% respect of baseline and standard care in the entire group of CVD treated women. In upper CEAP classes there was a trend for a more intense vasodilating activity of mesoglycan.
CONCLUSION: The study shows improving in microvascular function induced by a 3-month mesoglycan treatment in patients classified by CEAP stages C1 and C4.