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ULTIMO FASCICOLOMINERVA BIOTECNOLOGICA

Rivista di Biologia Molecolare e Biotecnologie


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Minerva Biotecnologica 2001 Marzo;13(1):41-54

BIOREMEDIATION - Part I 

Fertilia: a European International Cooperation (­INCO EU) pro­ject for mon­i­tor­ing ­trace ele­ments in agri­cul­tu­ral eco­sys­tems

Marmiroli N. 1, Maesri E. 1, Mucchino C. 1, Antonioli G. 1, Marmiroli M. 1, Garcia Izquierdo C. 2, Hernandez T. 2, Waclawek W. 3, Mocko A. 3, Bozym M. 3, Nowak A. 4, Nowak J. 5, Vecera Z. 6, Docekal B. 6

1 Division of Genetics and Environmental Biotechnologies, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Parma, Italy;
2 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Centro de Edafologìa y Biologia Aplicada del Segura, Murcia, Spain;
3 Institute of Chemistry, University of Opole, Opole, Poland;
4 Department of Microbiology, Academy of Agriculture, Szczecin, Poland;
5 Department of Biochemistry, Academy of Agriculture, Szczecin, Poland;
6 Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Department of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, Brno,Czech Republic

Background. A ­research pro­ject was ­financed start­ing in 1998 by the European Commission with­in the ­fourth Framework, involv­ing International Cooperation (­INCO EU) ­with Central European Countries. The pro­ject ­INCO Copernicus IC15-CT98-0124, acro­nym FER­TIL­IA, address­es the rel­e­vance of ­trace met­als for ­soil fer­til­ity. The par­tic­i­pants ­come ­from ­four dif­fer­ent coun­tries: Italy, ­also act­ing as Coordinator, ­with the University of Parma, Department of Environmental Sciences, Division of Genetics and Environmental Biotechnology; Spain, ­with Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Centre for the Biology of the Soil; Poland, ­with two part­ners, the Academy of Agriculture, Department of Microbiology and the University of Opole, Institute of Chemistry; final­ly, the Czech Republic, ­with the Academy of Sciences, Department of Environmental Analytical Chemistry. The par­tic­i­pants ­bring togeth­er dif­fer­ent exper­tise rang­ing ­from the ana­lyt­i­cal chem­is­try to ­soil micro­bi­ol­o­gy up to ­plant genet­ic engi­neer­ing and phys­ic spec­tros­co­py. The over­all pur­pose of the ­three ­years pro­ject FER­TIL­IA is to mon­i­tor the par­ti­tion­ing of ­trace ele­ments in agri­cul­tu­ral ­plants and veg­e­ta­bles ­grown on European ­soils sub­ject­ed to dif­fer­ent fer­til­isa­tion ­regimes, tak­ing ­into con­sid­er­a­tion all the bio­log­i­cal, ped­o­log­i­cal and geo­chem­i­cal fac­tors ­which can ­affect ­their ­form.
Methods. Objectives and phas­es of the ­research are: deter­mi­na­tion of met­al con­cen­tra­tion in dif­fer­ent sourc­es of agri­cul­tu­ral fer­til­is­ers (Action 1); phy­si­co-chem­i­cal anal­y­sis of met­al con­cen­tra­tion and aggre­ga­tion in European ­soils (Action 2); anal­y­sis of met­al con­tent and par­ti­tion­ing in dif­fer­ent organ­isms tak­en ­from dif­fer­ent lev­els of ­soil eco­sys­tem (Action 3); mor­pho­log­i­cal and func­tion­al ­effects of met­als mon­i­tored ­with bio­mark­ers micro­or­gan­isms, inver­te­brates, and ­plants (Action 4); anal­y­sis of ecot­ox­ic­o­log­i­cal and gen­o­tox­ic ­effects of met­als ­through the util­isa­tion of mod­el ­systems (Action 5); pro­duc­tion and descrip­tion of spa­tial mod­els of ­soil eco­sys­tems, by inte­grat­ing geo­chem­i­cal and bio­log­i­cal ­data with­in a Geographic Information System (GIS) (Action 6).
Results. After the ­first ­year of ­research, Actions 1, 2, 3, and 4 ­reached a sat­is­fac­to­ry set of experi­men­tal ­data. The ­last two ­actions are ­still in ­progress, ­because ­they ­require ­data ­from the ­first ­ones in ­order to be devel­oped.
Conclusions. Beside try­ing to ­show wheth­er ­heavy met­als can ­flow in rel­e­vant ­amounts ­from fer­til­is­ers to ­soils and ­then to ­plants and ­soil micro­or­gan­isms, ­this ­research pro­ject is try­ing to deter­mine at ­which ­degree agri­cul­tu­ral prac­tic­es can mod­i­fy ­soils met­als con­tent and the con­se­quenc­es ­this has on the ­crops qual­ity.

lingua: Inglese


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