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Rivista di Anestesia, Rianimazione, Terapia Antalgica e Terapia Intensiva

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Anesthesiology, Analgesia, Resuscitation and Intensive Care
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,036

Periodicità: Mensile

ISSN 0375-9393

Online ISSN 1827-1596


Minerva Anestesiologica 2014 Giugno;80(6):701-11


Update on hemodynamic monitoring and management in septic patients

Cecconi M., Arulkumaran N., Kilic J., Ebm C., Rhodes A.

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, St George’s Hospital, London, UK

Severe sepsis and septic shock are associated with significant mortality. Effective management of this clinical syndrome includes early resuscitation with fluids and vasoactive drugs to maintain vital organ perfusion and oxygen delivery. Understanding the different approach to the management of sepsis during the resuscitation and ongoing management phases is essential to initiate context- and time-specific interventions. Manipulation of hemodynamic variables to achieve a balance between oxygen delivery and consumption forms the cornerstone of hemodynamic optimisation. Minimally invasive and completely non-invasive cardiac output monitors have been developed, but require validation in this specific cohort of patients. The trend in hemodynamic parameters is particularly important when any intervention to augment cardiac output is carried out (functional hemodynamic monitoring). Cardiac output monitors and surrogates of tissue oxygenation are only able to guide management, as patient outcome is determined by acquisition and interpretation of accurate data, and suitable management decisions.

lingua: Inglese


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