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Online ISSN 1827-1596
Gopal S., Do T., Pooni J. S., Martinelli G.
Critical Care Services, Heart and Lung Centre, New Cross Hospital, Wolverhampton, UK
Background: The Mostcare monitor is a non-invasive cardiac output monitor. It has been well validated in cardiac surgical patients but there is limited evidence on its use in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock.
Methods: The study included the first 22 consecutive patients with severe sepsis and septic shock in whom the floatation of a pulmonary artery catheter was deemed necessary to guide clinical management. Cardiac output measurements including cardiac output, cardiac index and stroke volume were simultaneously calculated and recorded from a thermodilution pulmonary artery catheter and from the Mostcare monitor respectively. The two methods of measuring cardiac output were compared by Bland-Altman statistics and linear regression analysis. A percentage error of less than 30% was defined as acceptable for this study.
Results: Bland-Altman analysis for cardiac output showed a Bias of 0.31 L.min-1, precision (=SD) of 1.97 L.min-1 and a percentage error of 62.54%. For Cardiac Index the bias was 0.21 L.min-1.m-2, precision of 1.10 L.min-1.m-2 and a percentage error of 64%. For stroke volume the bias was 5 mL, precision of 24.46 mL and percentage error of 70.21%. Linear regression produced a correlation coefficient r2 for cardiac output, cardiac index, and stroke volume, of 0.403, 0.306, and 0.3 respectively.
Conclusion: Compared to thermodilution cardiac output, cardiac output studies obtained from the Mostcare monitor have an unacceptably high error rate. The Mostcare monitor demonstrated to be an unreliable monitoring device to measure cardiac output in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock on an intensive care unit.