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Rivista di Anestesia, Rianimazione, Terapia Antalgica e Terapia Intensiva
Minerva Anestesiologica 2014 February;80(2):176-84
Duration of mechanical ventilation after craniosynostosis repair reduces over time
Ferrari F. 1, Nacoti M. 1, Locatelli B. G. 1, Corbella D. 1, Khotcholava M. 1, Pellicioli I. 2, Cassisi A. 3, Sonzogni V. 1 ✉
1 Department of Anesthesia, Ospedale Papa Giovanni XXIII of Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy;
2 Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Ospedale Papa Giovanni XXIII of Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy;
3 Pediatric Department of Maxillo-facial surgery, Ospedale Papa Giovanni XXIII of Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy
Background: Pediatric craniosynostosis repair (CR) involves wide scalp dissections with multiple osteotomies and has been associated with significant morbidity. The aim of this study was to document the impact of perioperative complications on prolonged mechanical ventilation after CR.
Methods: Data were collected from the anesthesia records, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) progress notes and discharge summaries. All the patients were transferred from the operating room sedated and on mechanical ventilation to the PICU. To highlight the determinants of prolonged mechanical ventilation we performed a logistic regression analysis..
Results: Fifty-five patients underwent CR, but 6 were excluded due to incomplete records. The main intraoperative complications were: metabolic acidosis (32%), hypotension (20%), dural tears laceration (22%) and altered coagulation (18%). Metabolic acidosis (46%) and relative polycythemia (24%) were detected on arrival to the PICU. All children received intraoperative blood products and 23 (46%) were transfused in the postoperative period too. No infective complications were detected. The only determinant associated significantly with a prolonged mechanical ventilation was to have surgery in the first 5 years of the program (P=0.05) (95% CI 0.358-0.996).
Conclusion: All life-threatening complications were intraoperative whereas only milder ones, such as hypercloremic and lactic acidosis were noticed in PICU. All children are alive without any neurological deficit. Even though we deal on a daily basis with complex surgical cases, only time, hence experience, showed an impact on prolonged mechanical ventilation.