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Online ISSN 1827-1596
Creten C. 1, Van Der Zwaan S. 1, Blankespoor R. J. 1, Leroy P. L. J. M. 2, Schieveld J. N. M. 1
1 Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, European Graduate School of Neuroscience, Maastricht, The Netherlands;
2 Division of Pediatric Intensive Care, Department of Pediatrics, Maastricht University Medical Centre, European Graduate School of Neuroscience, Maastricht, The Netherlands
There was a dearth in awareness and knowledge regarding pediatric delirium (PD) at the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). The aim of this study is to highlight the most recent and up-to-date findings of current literature -by means of a systematic review (SR) method-, and to present the key issues and research questions. A SR of the literature published between 24 March 2009 and 10 March 2011. Eight new articles were identified which included (literature) reviews, journal commentaries, and observational studies. There still is a dearth of literature on PD, with also a variable level of evidence (1b - 5), especially in relation to critical illness. To be able to further clarify PD in the PICU, additional research questions are provided for future research.