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Rivista di Anestesia, Rianimazione, Terapia Antalgica e Terapia Intensiva

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Anesthesiology, Analgesia, Resuscitation and Intensive Care
Indexed/Abstracted in: Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,036

Periodicità: Mensile

ISSN 0375-9393

Online ISSN 1827-1596


Minerva Anestesiologica 1999 Maggio;65(5):286-92


Transfusion risks and limitations

Mercuriali F., Inghilleri G.

Istituto Ortopedico «G. Pini» - Milano, Servizio di Immunoematologia e Trasfusionale

The safety of the blood transfusion therapy has dramatically increased over the last few years because of improvements in donor screening, testing of donated blood and pretransfusion tests. However blood transfusion can never be seen as a risk free procedure. The risks to which the patients receiving blood are exposed are infectious, immunologic and other non infectious, non immunologic hazards. Transmission of viral, bacterial and protozoal infections is probably the greatest concern associated with allogeneic blood transfusion. While the risk of transmitting viruses is now very small, there is an increasing concern regarding bacterial contamination of donated blood. Among immunological sequelae, beside alloimmunization, are fever and chills, allergic and acute hemolytic reactions, the last being the currently most important cause of deaths associated with blood transfusion. Moreover allogeneic blood transfusion may lead to immunosuppression, which may increase the risk of infection and cancer recurrence. Other non infective pulmonary edema and physical and biochemical alterations (such as hypothermia, electrolyte and acid base disturbances).

lingua: Inglese


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