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JOURNAL OF MAXILLOFACIAL TRAUMA
Rivista di Traumatologia Maxillofacciale
Official Journal of the International Society of Maxillofacial Trauma
Journal of Maxillofacial Trauma 2014 December;3(3):39-44
A study of maxillofacial injuries associated with head injury and concomitant injuries
Chowdhury S. 1, Navaneetham A. 2, Singh M. 3, Giri K. Y. 1, Agarwal I. 4
1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Institute of Dental Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India;
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hosmat Superspeciality Hospital, Bangalore, India;
3 Health Cottage Hospital, Bangalore, India;
4 Department of Orthodontics, Kothiwal Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad U.P., India
AIM: Facial fractures are commonly seen in emergency department either alone or in combination with head injuries or other associated injuries. The aim of this study was to identify the population characteristics of patients with both maxillofacial fractures and head injury and other associated injuries and to determine the relationships between them.
METHODS: This study was done on patients reported to emergency department of Hosmat Superspeciality Hospital, Bangalore, India, a Level I trauma center for type of facial fractures, type of closed head injury (loss of consciousness, type of hemorrhage, hematoma, concussion injury, whether victim was using helmet or not contusion injury, CSF rhinorrhoea, age, sex, cause of injury, Glasgow coma scale, brain injury index, other associated injuries like cervical and orthopedics fractures).
RESULTS: Hundred patients with cranial fractures were identified in a group of 194 patients sustaining facial fractures for a 1 year period. 69% of the patients belong to age group of 21 to 40 years. 63% males having closed head injuries associated with facial fractures in comparison to women 37%.
CONCLUSION: Road traffic accidents were the main reason of maxillofacial injuries following trauma resulting from assaults and interpersonal violence.