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Rivista di Angiologia
Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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International Angiology 2016 February;35(1):62-70
Can the tandem measurement of age adjusted D-dimer and tissue plasminagen activator improve the clinical utility of a conventional D-dimer in the pulmonary embolism diagnosis?
Julio FLORES 1, 2, Angel GARCÍA-AVELLO 3, Antonio RUÍZ 1, Esther ALONSO 1, Concepción ÁLVAREZ 4, Olga NAVARRETE 1, Ignacio ARRIBAS 2, 5 ✉
1 Section of Pneumology, Príncipe de Asturias University Hospital, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain; 2 Departament of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain; 3 Service of Hematology and Hemotherapy, Ramón y Cajal University Hospital, Madrid, Spain; 4 Service of Radiodiagnostics, Príncipe de Asturias University Hospital, Alcalá de Henares, Spain; 5 Biomedical Investigation Foundation, Príncipe de Asturias University Hospital, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate if a sequential measurement of age adjust D-dimer (ADD) and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) could increase the clinical utility in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) compared to a conventional D-dimer.
METHODS: We measured a conventional D-dimer (CDD), an ADD alone and a sequential combination ADD and tPA (ADD/tPA combination) in a prospective sample of 127 outpatients with PE suspected. Diagnosis of PE was based on a strict protocol. Plasma sample to measure levels of tPA and D-dimer was obtained at enrollment, and CDD, ADD and tPA were assessed at the end of study. For CDD the cut-off value was 500 ng/mL and for ADD the cut-off value was defined as (patient’s age x10) ng/mL in patients aged >50. We compared the sensitivity, specificity and clinical utility obtained for CDD, ADD alone, and ADD/tPA combination.
RESULTS: PE was confirmed in 41 patients (32%). The sensitivity, specificity and clinical utility for CDD were 95%, 36% and 28%, respectively. The ADD/tPA combination and ADD alone demonstrated an increased in specificity of +29% and +12% respectively, and increased in clinical utility of +20% and +8%, respectively, compared to CDD, and this was obtained without loss of sensitivity.
CONCLUSION: The ADD/tPA combination substantially increased the clinical utility in the PE diagnosis compared with conventional D-dimer, without reducing the security. The ADD/tPA combination could decrease the need for pulmonary vascular imaging for the PE diagnosis in nearly the half. These promising results should be validated prospectively.