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Rivista di Angiologia
Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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International Angiology 2015 February;34(1):30-5
The importance of small saphenous vein reflux on chronic venous disease clinic
Seidel A. C. 1, Bergamasco N. C. 2, Miranda F. Jr. 3, Previdelli I. 4, Barili E. 5 ✉
1 Angiology and Vascular Surgery, Medicine Course of the State University of Maringá, Vascular Sonographer by Brazilian Society of Angiology and Vascular Surgery, Brazilian College of Radiology (BSAVS/BCR), Maringá, PR, Brazil;
2 Maringá State University, Maringá, PR, Brazil;
3 Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Surgery Department, Paulista Medical School of the Federal University of São Paulo, Vascular Sonographer BSAVS and BCR, São Paulo, Brazil;
4 Statistics Department of the State University of Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil; 5Statistical Modeling
AIM: It is estimated that between 5% to 20% of the adult population in developed countries is affected by chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), thus being the most frequent vascular disorder. Recent studies show that, in most CVI patients, their junctions are competent and the correlated superficial reflux is present along the saphenous vein. Objective of the study was to correlate the presence and distribution of reflux in the saphenous vein with the signs and symptoms of CVI, through CEAP, in female patients.
METHODS: Record review of patients with CVI signs and symptoms who underwent clinical and ultrasound examinations in order to classify them according to CEAP. The sample was divided into three groups according to the presence of saphenous vein insufficiency: Group I-SSV, Group II-GSV, and Group III-SSV and GSV.
RESULTS: A total of 312 lower limbs of 259 female patients aged between 15 and 85 years were examined. The most prevalent clinical classes in the three groups were C2 (44.55%) and C3 (46.48%). Four patterns of reflux were identified in isolated SSV, with the highest incidence of proximal reflux (69.23%). SPJ impairment was most likely to occur in clinical cases of greater severity. Five patterns of reflux were identified in GSV, with the proximal one the most prevalent (64.42%).
CONCLUSION: There is a correlation between the clinical severity of CVI and the reflux along the SSV in association with GSV; the risk of moderate to high clinical severity in group III was 3.6 times higher than in group I and 4.6 times higher than group II.