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ULTIMO FASCICOLOINTERNATIONAL ANGIOLOGY

Rivista di Angiologia

Official Journal of the International Union of Angiology, the International Union of Phlebology and the Central European Vascular Forum
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,899

Periodicità: Bimestrale

ISSN 0392-9590

Online ISSN 1827-1839

 

International Angiology 2011 Dicembre;30(6):499-503

SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE MEDITERRANEAN LEAGUE OF ANGIOLOGY AND VASCULAR SURGERY 

The lymphovenous microsurgical shunts for treatment of lymphedema of lower limbs: indications in 2011

Olszewski W. L. 1,2

1 Department of Surgical Research and Transplantology, Medical Research Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland;
2 Central Clinical Hospital, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Warsaw, Poland

The microsurgical lympho-venous shunts have become one of the generally accepted modalities in treatment of limb lymphedema. This review highlight the indications for this procedure after over 40 years. This study was based on the personal experience of one surgeon and on the review of the literature. Patients with postinflammatory, postsurgical, idiopathic and hyperplastic lymphedema of lower limbs were included in the study. Basing on the review of results of the last 40 years the contemporary indications are: 1) lymphedema with local segmental obstruction but still partly patent distal lymphatics seen on functional lymphoscintigraphy (standard walking or pneumatic compression) and without an active inflammatory process in the skin, subcutaneous tissue and lymph vessels (DLA-dermatolymphangioadenitis); 2) classified according the etiology of lymphedema, this operation can bring about satisfactory results in cases of hyperplastic, postsurgical and postinflammatory types of lymphedema, whereas primary idiopathic lymphedema of non-genetic type should be treated with conservative means, although in a small number of cases an improvement was observed after lympho-venous shunting as long as 10 years. Microsurgical lymph node or lymphatic vessel to vein shunts have their established position among the therapy modalities for lymphedema of lower limbs in a strictly defined group of patients using lymphoscintigraphic imaging.

lingua: Inglese


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