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Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,899
Online ISSN 1827-1839
Molinari F. 1, Liboni W. 2, Pantziaris M. 3, Suri J. S. 4,5
1 Biolab, Department of Electronics, Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy;
2 Neurology Division, Gradenigo Hospital, Turin, Italy;
3 Cyprus Institute of Neurology and Genetics, Nicosia, Cyprus;
4 CTO Biomedical Technologies Inc., Denver, CO, USA;
5 Global Biomedical Technologies, Roseville, CA, USA
AIM: In this work we present a novel methodology (called CALSFOAM) for the automated segmentation of ultrasound carotid images and intima-media thickness (IMT) measurement. CALSFOAM was developed in order to overcome limitations of a previously developed snake-based technique.
METHODS: CALSFOAM consists of two stages: Stage-I is an automatic recognition of the carotid artery system in an image frame and Stage-II is a combination of segmentation and IMT measurement sub-system. Stage-I is performed by using local statistics and by automatically tracing the profile of the distal adventitia. Stage-II takes the traced adventitia boundary and builds an ROI for distal wall segmentation that uses a first order absolute moment (FOAM) technique. CALSFOAM was benchmarked against our previous snake based technique and validated on a 300-image multi-institutional dataset.
RESULTS: CALSFOAM’s lumen-intima (LI) segmentation error was 0.049±0.039 mm, the media-adventitia (MA) error was 0.088±0.054 mm; the IMT measurement bias was 0.125±0.103 mm. To reduce CALSFOAM error, we adopted a GREEDY approach for fusing the boundaries from the two techniques and obtained LI and MA errors equal to 0.02±0.014 mm, 0.023±0.013 mm, and an IMT bias of 0.074±0.068 mm.
CONCLUSION: Even though CALSFOAM’s performance was lower than snake-based segmentation techniques, it helped in avoiding possible inaccuracies of snakes and its parameter sensitivities. The very accurate performance obtained by the GREEDY approach demonstrated that the two techniques could be considered as complementary.