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Rivista di Angiologia
Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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International Angiology 2009 Aprile;28(2):120-6
Carotid intimal-media thickness and endothelial function in young patients with history of myocardial infarction
Coppola G., Corrado E., Piraino D., Carella M., Muratori L., Camarda P., Di Vincenzo A., Ciaramitaro G., Farinella M., Rotolo A., Evola S., Hoffmann E., Assennato P., Novo S.
Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular and Nephro-Urological Diseases
Post-graduate School of Cardiology and Division of Cardiology
University of Palermo, University Hospital “P. Giaccone”, Palermo, Italy
Aim. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction in 45 young patients (38 mens and 7 females) with myocardial infarction (MI), age 29-45, mean age 42±3 years, to verify its possible role as a marker of coronary atherosclerosis.
Methods. Vascular echography was performed to verify the presence of carotid atherosclerosis and/or endothelial dysfunction in 45 young patients with MI and in 45 healthy control subjects well matched for age and sex.
Results. We observed a normal intima media thickness (IMT) only in 30% of patients with juvenile myocardial infarction (JMI) compared with 66% in the control group (P<0.0001) and 34% of patients showed an increased IMT compared with 24% of healthy subjects (P<0.0001). Compared with control subjects, patients with JMI had lower flow-mediated reactivity of the brachial arteries (P<0.05). There was a negative linear relationship between flow-mediated dilation and IMT (P<0.001). The severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) was correlated with increased IMT and with a lower flow-mediated dilation. Finally, multiple regression analysis, demonstrated that both brachial-artery reactivity and carotid IMT were significantly and independently correlated with severity of CAD.
Conclusion. Structural (carotid atherosclerosis) and functional changes (endothelial dysfunction) were present at an early age in the arteries of persons with history of JMI.