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Rivista di Angiologia
Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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International Angiology 2008 October;27(5):396-400
Quality of life and arterial endovascular intervention by means of balloon angioplasty
Slovacek L. 1, Slovackova B. 2, Chovanec V. 3, Jebavy L. 1
1 Department of Field Internal Medicine, Faculty of Military Health Sciences, University of Defence, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
2 Department of Psychiatry, Charles University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
3 Department of Radiology, Charles University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
Aim. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) and the effect of arterial balloon angioplasty (ABA) on QoL of patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD).
Methods. The study is a prospective and longitudinal one and was carried out at the 2nd Internal Clinic of Charles University Hospital in Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. Forty-two patients with PAOD, hospitalized for the endovascular intervention by means of percutaneous transluminal angiography, were evaluated for QoL. Thirty patients with PAOD (20 male, 10 female) were treated by endovascular intervention by means of ABA. The evaluation of QoL was performed by means of the Czech version of the international generic European Quality of Life Questionnaire – EQ-5D. Statistical analysis was determined by means of analysis of variance and paired t-test. The QoL questionnaires were evaluated by means of descriptive analysis.
Results. The study has shown the following results: patients with PAOD had low global QoL; a statistically significant relation between QoL of patient with PAOD and the their age (P<0.01); a statistically significant relation between global QoL and stage of PAOD by Fontaine classification (P<0.01); and a statistically significant relation between global QoL and ABA (P<0.0001).
Conclusion. The QoL of patients with PAOD is low. The QoL is lower with increasing age and with severity of PAOD. The results show the existence of a positive effect of ABA on QoL in patients with PAOD.