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Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,899
Online ISSN 1827-1839
Cairols Castellote M. A. 1, Riera Batalla S. 1, Lazaro Y De Mercado P. 2, Aguilar Conesa M. D. 2, Garcia De Yebenes Y Prous M. J. 2
1 Catalan Society of Angiology and Vascular Surgery, Barcelona, Spain
2 Técnicas Avanzadas de Investigación en Servicios de Salud (TAISS), Madrid, Spain
Aim. Non-cardiac arterial disease (NCAD) is a frequent cause of hospital admission. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in patient profiles and clinical records as a function of the size of the Vascular Surgery Unit (VSU).
Methods. Retrospective observational study. Stratified cluster sampling and selection of patients hospitalized for NCAD. Analysis: 1) description of patient profiles, quality of clinical records, and VSU [availability of diagnostic (DR) and therapeutic (TR) resources, and of written protocols (WP)]; 2) association between these variables and size of VSU.
Results. The sample consisted of 14 hospitals, 6 with a VSU of 15 or fewer beds (VSU ≤15B) and 8 with >15 beds (VSU >15B). The mean number of DRs, TRs and WPs was 9, 2.8 and 2 in VSUs ≤15B, and 11.5, 6.5 and 3.3 in VSUs >15B. The proportion of patients older than 70, female, with ischemic disease, or with coexisting diabetes was significantly higher in VSUs ≤15B (67%, 31%, 95% and 57%, respectively) than in VSUs >15B (58%, 22%, 69% and 48%). Comorbid conditions and treatment during admission and at discharge were documented significantly less frequently in the clinical records in VSUs ≤15B. Risk factors were under-reported in the clinical records of both types of VSU.
Conclusion. Patient profiles and the quality of clinical records vary by size of VSU. Under-reporting of risk factors may hinder the implementation of prevention and treatment measures.