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Rivista di Angiologia
Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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International Angiology 2005 December;24(4):372-9
Angiocidal effect of Cyclosporin A: a new therapeutic approach for pathogenic angiogenesis
Wilasrusmee C. 1, Yusupov I. 2, Ondocin P. 3, Bruch D. 2, Kittur S. 4, Wilasrusmee S. 2, Kittur D. S. 2
1 Department of Surgery, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Department of Surgery, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA
3 Department of Medicine, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA
4 Department of Neurology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA
Aim. Angiogenesis is essential in the development of several disorders such as cancer, arthritis, and autoimmune diseases. Several agents prevent angiogenesis but only a few destroy established angiogenesis. In this study we tested whether local or systemic administration of Cyclosporin A (CyA) would inhibit as well as destroy established angiogenesis in an in vivo assay of angiogenesis.
Methods. We utilized an in vivo assay of angiogenesis in which an angiogenic mixture of Matrigel, FGF, VEGF, and heparin was injected subcutaneously into mice. Angiogenesis in the subcutaneous plugs was quantified by ANOVA. CyA or the vehicle for CyA was administered to the experimental or the control groups by three routes: by addition to the angiogenic mixture, by local injection into the angiogenic plug at various time points or by systemic administration at high doses. Angiogenesis was quantified by pointing method and expressed as an angiogenic index (AI).
Results. In control animals the subcutaneous plug of Matrigel with the angiogenic mixture revealed exuberant angiogenesis at day 4 and day 7. This angiogenesis was completely inhibited when CyA was included in the angiogenic mixture; the vehicle for CyA had no such effect. Angiogenesis that had progressed was found to regress after local subcutaneous injection of CyA at day 4 and 7. Similar regression of angiogenesis was noted when CyA was administered systemically after allowing angiogenesis to proceed for 4 days.
Conclusion. Our experiments strongly suggest that CyA is both angiocidal and angiostatic in vivo. These results provide a basis for future therapy directed against established angiogenesis in malignancies and autoimmune diseases.