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INTERNATIONAL ANGIOLOGY

Rivista di Angiologia


Official Journal of the International Union of Angiology, the International Union of Phlebology and the Central European Vascular Forum
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International Angiology 2005 September;24(3):300-3

Copyright © 2005 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Matrix metalloproteinases in isolated hypercholesterolemia

Malik J., Stulc T., Ceska R.

Third Department of Internal Medicine, General University Hospital and First School of Medicin Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic


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Aim. Levels of circulating matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) are altered in subjects with atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that also otherwise healthy hypercholesterolemic subjects will have altered MMP/TIMP concentrations. To validate this hypothesis, we compared MMPs/TIMPs in patients with moderate isolated hypercholesterolemia before and after atorvastatin therapy and in healthy normolipidemic controls.
Methods. Twenty-seven otherwise healthy subjects with isolated hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol 8.3±0.3 mmol/L) and 29 healthy normolipidemic controls were included. Patients were treated by atorvastatin for 10 weeks. We studied plasma levels of MMPs (MMP)-2, -3, and -9 and of their TIMPs (TIMP)-1 and -2.
Results. Patients differed from controls by significantly lower MMP-3 [11.6 (5.7-21) vs 18.4 (12-22) ng/mL, P<10-4 (median, range 25-75%)] and TIMP-2 [13.3 (8.8-30.5) vs 22.1 (10.8-39) ng/mL, P=0.02] and by higher TIMP-1 [496 (461-538) vs 483 (456-500) ng/mL, P=0.004]. Atorvastatin decreased significantly TIMP-1 [from 496 (461-538) to 476 (451-525) ng/mL].
Conclusion. Isolated hypercholesterolemia per se is associated with similar alterations of circulating MMPs and TIMPs as developed symptomatic atherosclerosis. Most consistent link to serum lipids was observed in case of TIMP-1. MMP and TIMP levels probably reflect the atherogenic process in its early stages in these subjects.

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