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Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,899
Online ISSN 1827-1839
Vriend J. J. W. 1, De Groot E. 2, Kastelein J. J. P. 2, Mulder B. J. M. 1
1 Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2 Department of Vascular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Aim. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality in adult post-coarctectomy patients is increased even after successful surgical repair of the aorta. B-mode ultrasound intima-media thickness (IMT), a validated marker for atherosclerosis and vascular disease risk, was used to measure pre-coarctatial carotid and post-coarctatial femoral arterial wall changes in these patients.
Methods. Measurements were done in 131 patients (mean age 31.6 y [SD 11.3 y]; 78 were normotensive, 53 were hypertensive) and in 26 controls (30.9 y [SD 9.4 y]).
Results. Age, serum lipids and smoking history were similar in patients and controls. Overall, IMT in patients and controls were similar (0.59 mm [SD 0.14 mm] and 0.59 mm [SD 0.08 mm]. In patients, carotid IMT was increased (0.67 mm [SD 0.12 mm] vs 0.61 mm [SD 0.08 mm] in controls: p=0.01); femoral IMT was decreased (0.48 mm [SD 0.09 mm] vs 0.57 mm [SD 0.07 mm]: p=0.001). In normotensive patients carotid IMT was not increased (0.64 mm [SD 0.12 mm] vs 0.61 mm [SD 0.08 mm]: p=0.2), but patients showed a higher SD. Carotid IMT in hypertensive patients was increased (0.72 mm [SD 0.12 mm] vs 0.64 mm [SD 0.11 mm] in normotensive patients: p<0.001). The femoral IMT in normo- and hypertensives patients were similar (0.48 mm [SD 0.09 mm] and 0.49 mm [SD 0.10 mm]: p=0.12). Carotid IMT in patients with aortic coarction and age at surgery were associated (r=0.36, p<0.0001), where femoral IMT is not.
Conclusion. Early peripheral arterial wall damage is prominent in hypertensive post-coarctatial patients and is limited to pre-coarctatial conduits. The decreased femoral IMT in all patients may indicate a relatively low post-coarctatial blood pressure if pressure control is guided according to pre-coarctatial RR. Pre-coarctatial arterial wall change is less apparent in post-coarctectomy patients who have a controlled blood pressure and who had early surgical repair.