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Rivista di Angiologia
Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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International Angiology 2003 Settembre;22(3):229-38
Relationships between Matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases in the wall of abdominal aortic aneurysms
Nishimura K. 1, Ikebuchi M. 1, Kanaoka Y. 1, Ohgi S. 1, Ueta E. 2, Nanba E. 2, Ito H. 3
1 Second Department of Surgery, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Tottori, Japan
2 Gene Research Center, Tottori University, Tottori, Japan
3 First Department of Pathology, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Tottori, Japan
Aim. The pathologic feature of aortic aneurysm is considered to be the remodeling of the aortic wall, involving fragmentation and decrease of elastic fibers in the tunica media. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly MMP-2 and MMP-9, have been implicated in collagen and elastin degeneration within the aortic wall. The precise relationship among MMPs and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) is still unclear. We have studied the expression of MMP-2, MMP-9 tissue inhibitor of metalloprotein-1 (TIMP-1), TIMP-2 and membrane type 1-MMP (MT-1-MMP) in the wall of small AAAs (30-45 mm), large AAAs (>45 mm) and controls (<25 mm). We investigated the relationship among expressions of MMP-2, TIMP-2 and MT1-MMP in the walls.
Methods. The aortic walls in the patients with AAA were harvested from the maximum diameter, while the aortic walls in autopsy cases were harvested as controls. We analyzed tissue distribution of cell types by immunochemistry, protein expression by Western blotting and mRNA expression by competitive polymerase chain reaction.
Results. They consisted of 11 in controls, 8 in small AAAs and 26 in large AAAs. Among the MMPs-positive-cells, mainly macrophage, MMP-2-positive cells were in the intima, but MMP-9-positive cells in the intima and adventitia. In the small size, MMP-2 and MMP-9 mRNA were higher than those of control. In the large size, MT1-MMP and MMP-9 mRNA were higher than those of the controls. In the mRNA level of the whole AAA, significant correlations were present between MMP-2 and MMP-9, between MMP-2 and TIMP-1, and between MMP-9 and TIMP-1. These expressions were confirmed by Western blotting.
Conclusion. We concluded as follows: 1) MMP-2 and MMP-9 may play an important role in the developmental process of AAA. 2) TIMP-1 plays an important role of interacting MMP-2 and/or MMP-9. 3) MMP-2 and MT1-MMP may play an important role in the early stages of AAAs.